Engineering is the profession in which the knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience, and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to use economically the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind (ABET, Inc., 2002).
Hence, engineering and the practice of engineers refer to activities that involve the beneficial application of scientific knowledge to the solution of problems. Notice that this application includes economic considerations, uses of materials (for example, resources), and the forces of nature. Additionally, engineering is a profession. Webster notes that a profession is “the body of people in a learned occupation.” Engineers have a specialized charge of using knowledge, experience, and creativity, to tackle and systematically design solutions to challenges and problems.
The student who graduates with a Bachelor of Science in engineering will complete study of mathematics courses through differential equations, basic classes in chemistry and calculus-based physics, and the normal set of general-education classes during the whole of the first two years of college. During the second year the engineering student will start the study of coursework (for example, statics or dynamics) that bridges the gap between these basic sciences and the engineering applications of the knowledge of the basic sciences. The last two years will be completed at a campus such as the University of Kentucky or the University of Louisville. These last two years of courses are largely devoted to the study of engineering applications of science and mathematics to the matters of the student’s chosen engineering discipline. These courses involve design of solutions culminating with a senior design course and project that are specific to the discipline.
Students who expect to transfer to engineering degree programs such as biosystems, chemical, materials engineering should complete the courses from the following list depending upon their choice of engineering plus general education courses. Pre-engineering students should contact the director of pre-engineering for the selection of courses based on their choice of engineering.
♦ Indicates prerequisite.